Welcome to the Da Vinci Institute: School of Business Leadership


Research at The Da Vinci Institute primarily aims at resolving practical challenges and contributing to the professional development of managers and leaders who will be able to conduct transdisciplinary research that will produce innovative and cutting-edge management solutions to economic and commercial challenges faced at a national and/or international levels. In essence, the research development agenda at Da Vinci serves to enable management and leadership professionals to realise their true potential by:

  • Developing research acumen that would enable them to contribute applicable knowledge in their field of study and derive practicable solutions to the challenges they face;
  • Acquiring expertise and critical knowledge in an area at the forefront of the field, discipline or practice and the ability to conceptualise new research initiatives, and create new knowledge or practice;
  • Developing new methods, techniques, processes, systems or technologies in original, creative and innovative ways appropriate to specialised and complex contexts;
  • Identifying, addressing and managing emerging ethical issues and to advance processes of ethical decision making, including monitoring and evaluation of the consequences of these decisions where appropriate;
  • Producing substantial, independent, in-depth and publishable work which meets international standards, is considered to be new or innovative by peers, and makes a significant contribution to the discipline, field, or practice; and
  • Acquiring competence to design systems and develop technology and innovation-related activities to meet transformational imperatives and targets.

What is Plagiarism?

According to Merriam Webster (2017), plagiarism is defined as “the act of using another person’s words or ideas without giving credit to that person.” As an academic institution, The Da Vinci Institute is committed to raising awareness to students about the importance of submitting their own and original work. In this context, a lack of paraphrasing, incorrect referencing and a lack of referencing constitutes plagiarism.

How can Da Vinci help you!

The Institute assists students in their understanding of what constitutes plagiarism, the levels of plagiarism and how to paraphrase and reference correctly, in the following ways:

The documents above are found under the “important documents” on Moodle. Kindly contact your Programme Convener if you require any information or assistance accessing any of the above documents.

Strive for originality!



Adkins, B.A. 2009. PhD pedagogy and the changing knowledge landscapes of universities. Higher Education Research and Development Journal. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/12129443/PhD_pedagogy_and_the_changing_knowledge_landscapes_of_universities?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

Agency for Strategic Initiatives, 2015. Atlas for emerging jobs. 2nd edition. Available at: http://www.skolkovo.ru/public/media/documents/research/sedec/SKOLKOVO_SEDeC_Atlas_2.0_Eng.pdf (Downloaded: 30 August 2019).

Aspland, T., Edwards, H., O’Leary, J. & Ryan, Y. 1999. Tracking new directions in the evaluation of postgraduate supervision. Innovative Higher Education. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/6589039/Tracking_New_Directions_in_the_Evaluation_of_Postgraduate_Supervision?auto=download (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

Bernard, N.J. 2018. PhD. Supervision challenges in developing countries: case study in East Central Africa; a review. International Journal of Research in Economics and Social Sciences. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/37251165/PhD._Supervision_challenges_in_developing_countries_Case_study_in_East_Central_Africa_A_Review?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Beyleveld, M., De Villiers, J.J.R. & Fraser, W.J. 2019. The use of active learning in private higher education institution: the lecturer’s perspective. South African Journal of Higher education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2804/2072 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Bitzer, E.M. & Albertyn, R.M. 2011. Alternative approaches to postgraduate supervision: a planning tool to facilitate supervisory processes. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/3736908/Alternative_approaches_to_postgraduate_supervision_a_planning_tool_to_facilitate_supervisory_processes?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Bothma, F., & Rossouw, J.P. 2019. The accountability and professional security of the South African higher education lecturer. The South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2463/2073 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Brabazon, T. 2018. The deficit doctorate: multimodal solutions to enable differentiated learning. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/37094553/_The_deficit_doctorate_multimodal_solutions_to_enable_differentiated_learning_International_Journal_of_Social_Sciences_and_Educational_Studies_Vol._4_No._5_2018?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 30 September 2019).

Bresnen, M. & Burrell, G. 2012. Journals a la mode? Twenty years of living alongside Mode 2 and the new production of knowledge. Organization. Available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1350508412460992 (Accessed: 29 October 2018).

Bruce, A., Stajduhar, K., Molzahn, K., MacDonald, M., Starzomski, R. & Brown, M. 2008. Nursing graduate supervision of theses and projects at a distance: issues and challenges. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/16433779/Nursing_Graduate_Supervision_of_Theses_and_Projects_at_a_Distance_Issues_and_Challenges?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Bruce, C. & Stoodley, I. 2009. Towards a pedagogy of RHD supervision in the technology disciplines. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/2463450/Towards_a_pedagogy_of_supervision_in_the_technology_disciplines?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Brunet, N.D., Hickey, G.M. & Humphries, M.M. 2014. The evolution of local participation and the mode of knowledge production in Arctic research. Ecology and Society. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/268818235_The_evolution_of_local_participation_and_the_mode_of_knowledge_production_in_Arctic_research (Accessed: 29 October 2018).

Calma, A. 2007. Research higher degree supervision in the Philippines: exploring possibilities for research. Paper presented at the Commission on Higher Education, Cebu City, Philippines, 24-27 October. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/274481/Research_Higher_Degree_Supervision_In_the_Philippines_Exploring_Possibilities_for_Research?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

Calma, A. 2011. Postgraduate research training: some issues. Higher Education Quarterly. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/592292/Postgraduate_research_training_some_issues?auto=download (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

Calma, A. 2007. Postgraduate supervision in the Philippines: setting the research agenda. The Asia-Pacific Education Research. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/242328473_Postgraduate_Supervision_in_the_Philippines_setting_the_research_agenda (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

Calma, A. n.d. Research training for the Philippines: exploring the issues of a nation striving to enhance research quality. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/274483/Research_Training_In_the_Philippines_Exploring_the_Issues_for_a_Nation_Striving_to_Enhance_Research_Quality?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 31 0ctober 2019).

Calma, A. 2009. The context of research training in the Philippines: some key areas and their implications. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/2923340/The_context_of_research_training_in_the_Philippines_some_issues_and_their_implications_Chapter_10_?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

Cekiso, M., Tshotsho, B., Masha, R. & Saziwa, T. 2019. Supervision experiences of postgraduate research students at one South African higher education institution. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-18b055cb25 (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Cronje, F. & Bitzer, E.M. 2019. Continuous professional learning in private higher education: making a case for distributed leadership. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2808/2074 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Cruickshank, L. 2013. Understanding high-impact research through Mode 1 and Mode 2 research approaches. InImpact: The Journal of Innovation Impact. Available at: http://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/72842/1/inimp14_002_copy.pdf (Accessed: 29 October 2018).

Daskalakos, C. 2019. Exploring the role of dance in architectural education. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-1597e07cbc (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Delany, D. 2009. A review of the literature on effective PhD supervision. Academic Practice and eLearning Resources. Available at: https://www.tcd.ie/CAPSL/assets/pdf/Academic%20Practice%20Resources/Effective_Supervision_Literature_Review.pdf (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

De Villiers, A.C. 2019. Music graduates and communities of practice. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-1597f088ad (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Dorfling, C., Wolff, K. & Akdogan, G. 2019. Expanding the semantic range to enable meaningful real-world application in chemical engineering. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-1597f91003 (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Drew, M.E., Subramaniam, N. & Clowes-Doolan, K. 2002. Students’ experience of the honours supervisory relationship: preliminary investigation. Discussion Paper No 113, Brisbane, Australia, June. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/31474925/Students_Experience_of_The_Honours_Supervisory_Relationship_A_Preliminary_Investigation_Discussion_Paper_No_113?auto=download (Accessed: 30 September 2019).

Eksteen, M.J. 2019. Does team-based learning develop essential generic skills in pharmacy students? South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-159802a1e3 (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Ernst & Young, 2012. University of the future. Internal report. Adelaide, Australia. http://www.bu.edu/edtechcouncil/files/2012/10/Ernst-Young-Higher-University-of-the-Future-2012.pdf (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Eshtiaghi, N., Robertson, S. & Warren-Meyers, G. 2012. Good practice groundwork: managing initial meetings with higher degree research students. Education for Chemical Engineers. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/14897077/Good_practice_groundwork_Managing_initial_meetings_with_higher_degree_research_students?auto=download (Accessed: 1 October 2019).

European Higher Education Area, 2015. Report of the 2012-2015 BFUG working group on the social dimension and lifelong learning to BFUG. Internal report. Roma, Italy. Available at: http://www.ehea.info/media.ehea.info/file/2015_Yerevan/71/3/Report_of_the_2012-2015_BFUG_WG_on_the_Social_Dimension_and_Lifelong_Learning_to_the_BFUG_613713.pdf (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Faggiolani, C. 2014. Research evaluation and Mode 2 science. Lettera Matematica International. Available at: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs40329-014-0033-5.pdf (Accessed: 29 October 2018).

Fullan, M. 2015. Why helping humanity should be core to learning. Moving America Forward. 14 December. Available at: https://michaelfullan.ca/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/16_Fullan_Helping-Humanity_Nation-Swell.pdf (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Fullan, M. 2018. The principalship has changed: 2020 here we come. Principal Connections. Available at: https://michaelfullan.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/09/The-Principalship-Has-Channged-M.Fullan.pdf (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Fullan, M & Hargreaves, A. 2016. Bringing the profession back in: call to action. Available at: https://learningforward.org/docs/default-source/pdf/bringing-the-profession-back-in.pdf (Downloaded: 4 October 2019).

Fullan, M, Rincon-Gallardo, S. & Hargreaves, A. 2015. Professional capital as accountability. Education Policy Analysis Archives. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276379205_Professional_Capital_as_Accountability (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Gleason, N. W. 2018. Higher Education In The Era Of The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Available at: https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-981-13-0194-0. [Accessed 04 July 2019].

Grant, T. & Archer, J. 2019. Multimodal mapping: using mind maps to negotiate emerging professional communication practices and identity in higher education. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15980d1bab (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Grysell, T., Reinholdsson, P., Elmgren, M. & Hendriksson, A-S. 2010. A new challenge in teaching for PHD supervisors. Paper presented at the 9th Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, Adelaide, South Australia, 13-15 April. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/665503/A_new_challenge_in_teaching_for_PhD_supervisors?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

Gumbo, M.T. 2019. Online or offline supervision? Postgraduate supervisors state their position at University of South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-1598377e1f (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Gumbo, M.T. & Minnaar, A. 2019. University of South Africa staff’s learning experience in online coursework Master’s of Education. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15986fd329 (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Halse, C. & Bansel, P. 2012. The learning alliance: ethics in doctoral supervision. Oxford Review of Education. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/3147410/The_learning_alliance_ethics_in_doctoral_supervision?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

Halse, C. 2011. Becoming a supervisor: the impact of doctoral supervision on supervisor’s learning. Studies in Higher Education. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/3147399/_Becoming_a_supervisor_the_impact_of_doctoral_supervision_on_supervisors_learning?auto=download (Accessed: 11 October 2019).

Harrison, S. & Grant, C. 2015. Exploring the new models of research pedagogy: time to let go of master-apprentice style supervision? Teaching in Higher Education. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/13019703/Exploring_of_new_models_of_research_pedagogy_Time_to_let_go_of_master-apprentice_style_supervision?auto=download (Accessed: 30 September 2019).

Homewood, J. & Jacenyick-Trawoger, C. 2012. Supporting candidates and supervisors: transition to becoming a researcher. Paper presented at the 10th Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, Stamford Grand Adelaide, South Australia, 17-20 April. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/3867979/Supporting_candidates_and_supervisors_transition_to_becoming_a_researcher?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

Hortsmanshof, L. & Conrad, L. 2003. Postgraduate peer support programme: enhancing community. Paper presented at the 26th HERDSA Annual Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, 6-9 July. Available at: http://www.herdsa.org.au/publications/conference-proceedings/research-and-development-higher-education-learning-unknown-46 (Accessed: 30 September 2019).

International Organization of Employers, 2017. Understanding the future of work. Internal report. Geneva, Switzerland. Available at: http://www.ioe-emp.org/fileadmin/ioe_documents/publications/Policy%20Areas/future_of_Work/EN/_2017-02-02__IOE_Brief_on_the_Future_of_Work_-_Executive_Summary__web_and_print_version_.pdf (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Jacobs, L., Moolman, A.M. & De Beer, E. 2019. #Feesmustfall and beyond: towards a sustainable student loan regulatory framework. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-159874d9b1 (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Johannes, H., Olsen, A-M., Batyi, T.T., Champion, E. & Goldstone, S.P. 2019. Exploring academic development programme evaluation at a university: a systematic scholarly approach. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-1598846b12 (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Kaggwa, V.T., Sekuwu, D. & Naluwemba, E.F. 2017. Student expectations and quality of postgraduate education: the case of public universities in Uganda. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/35140207/Student_Expectations_and_Quality_of_Postgraduate_Education_The_Case_for_Public_Universities_in_Uganda?auto=download (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

Kiley, M. 2010. Quality in postgraduate research: educating researchers for the 21st century. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2010 Quality in Postgraduate Research Conference, Adelaide, Australia, 13-15 April. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/1808912/Research_integrity_An_unfolding_tragedy_in_six_scenes_with_an_overture_by_Professor_Mandy_Thomas?auto=download (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

Kirton, J., Straker, K., Brown, J., Jack, B. & Jinks, A. 2011. A marriage of convenience? A qualitative study of college supervision of master’s level dissertations. Nurse Education Today. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/14108068/A_marriage_of_convenience_A_qualitative_study_of_colleague_supervision_of_masters_level_dissertations?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Kuang, C.H. & Yang, S.W. n.d. New lecturers and their views of postgraduate supervision. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/7860933/New_Lecturers_and_Their_Views_of_Postgraduate_Supervision?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Le Grange, L. 2017. (Trans)disciplinary research (re)considered. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: http://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/download/1656/1696 (Accessed: 29 October 2018).

Leshoro, T.M. & Jacobs, A. 2019. Challenges to admissions in the Extended Curriculum Programme in the Faculty of Business and Management Sciences. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a6587855 (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Louw, J. & Godsell, G. 2015. Multiple paths to success in Cloete, N., Mouton, J. & Sheppard, C. (Eds.) Doctoral education in South Africa: policy, discourse and data. Available at: https://www.idea-phd.net/images/Doctoral-Education-in-South-Africa-WEB-3.pdf (Downloaded: 31 October 2019).

Luvalo, L.M. 2019. Relationship between transformation and institutional culture. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a669c94c (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Mantai, L. 2014. Social support in the PhD journey. Paper presented at the 11th Biennial Quality in Research Conference, Adelaide, South Australia, 9-14 April. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/8698392/Social_Support_in_the_PhD_Journey?auto=download (Accessed: 16 September 2019).

Manthalu, C.H. & Waghid, Y. 2019. Interrogating a cosmopolitanism of African higher education. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-16add0f94d (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Maritz, J. & Prinsloo, P. 2015. A Bourdieusian perspective on becoming and being postgraduate supervisor: the role of capital. Higher Education Research and Development. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/21392455/A_Bourdieusian_perspective_on_becoming_and_being_a_postgraduate_supervisor_the_role_of_capital?email_work_card=view-paper (Accessed: 31 October 2019).

McCulloch, A. & Picard, M. 2015. “PhD, meet QPR”: the quality of postgraduate research conference and the development of doctoral education. International Journal of Researcher Development. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/33085043/_PhD_meet_QPR_?auto=download (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Mchunu, K.J. & Moodley, S. 2019. Students’ reflection on co-design: a cross-disciplinary approach between two SADC countries. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-16ade1370e (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

McKinsey & Company, 2014. Offline and falling behind: barriers to Internet adoption. Internal report. New York, United States. Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com/~/media/McKinsey/dotcom/client_service/High%20Tech/PDFs/Offline_and_falling_behind_Barriers_to_Internet_adoption.ashx (Accessed: 4 October 2019).

Menon, K. & Castrillon, G. 2019. “Making windows where there were once walls”: transformation in higher education curricula. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-18b05d57ce (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Mezied, A.A. 2016. What role will education play in the fourth industrial revolution? Available at: https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/01/what-role-will-education-play-in-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/ (Accessed: 30 August 2019).

Mchunu, K.J. & Moodley, S. 2019. Student’s reflection on co-design: a cross-disciplinary collaboration between two SADC countries. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2829/2075 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Mhakure, D., Jaftha, J., Rughubar-Reddy, S. & Manzini, M. 2019. Exploring undergraduate students’ productive struggles in a quantitative literacy course: implications for the development of tutoring. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-18b060b55a (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Mouton, J., Boshoff, N. & James, M. 2015. A survey of doctoral supervisors in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/28903173/A_survey_of_doctoral_supervision_in_South_Africa?auto=download (Accessed: 11 October 2019).

Mswazie, J. & Blignaut, S. 2019. Developing teacher competencies through the open and distance learning approach in Zimbabwe. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-18b064e64c (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Mthimunye, K. & Daniels, F.M. 2019. Predictors of academic performance, success and retention amongst undergraduate nursing students: a systematic review. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a66dc61c (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Ndebele, N.C. & Ndovu, J. 2019. Employment experiences of post graduate students in Kwazulu-Natal: an intersection of qualifications and employability in the labour market. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2802/2076 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Ndlovu, T. 2019. Putting the human at the centre: human rights and literary studies in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2801/2077 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Neumann, R. & Guthrie, J. 2000. Quality enhancement in Doctoral education and Research: a case study of MGM in Kiley, M. & Mullins, G. (Eds.) Quality in postgraduate research: making ends meet. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/26070082/Quality_Enhancement_in_Doctoral_Education_and_Research_A_Case_Study?auto=download (Downloaded: 30 August 2019).

Ngoepe, L.J. 2019. Exploring constructivist task motivation of English L2 acquisition graduate students through learning materials. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a674a53c (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Nkealah, N.E. 2019. Applying formative assessment strategies in the teaching of poetry: an experiment with third-year English studies students at the University of Limpopo. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a6779fbb (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Nkomo, M. 2019. As by fire: The end of the South African university. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2810/2087 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Nowotny, H., Scott, P. & Gibbons, M. 2003. Introduction: Mode 2 revisited: the production of knowledge. Minerva. Available at: http://bgarchives.bgu.ac.il/center/Mode%202%20Revisited%20-%20The%20New%20Production%20of%20Knowledge.pdf (Accessed: 18 February 2019).

Omar, J. 2019. Protecting the learning space: the case for the regulation of staff-student relationships at university campuses in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2794/2078 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Orellana, M.L., Darder, A., Perez, A. & Salinas, J. 2016. Improving doctoral success by merging PhD students with supervisors. International Journal of Doctoral Studies. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/25649085/International_Journal_of_Doctoral_Studies_Improving_Doctoral_Success_by_Matching_PhD_Students_with_Supervisors?auto=download (Accessed: 11 October 2019).

Palmer, N. 2008. Problematizing diversity in doctoral education and the implications of policy and practice. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2008 Quality in Postgraduate Research, Adelaide, Australia, 17-18 April. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/4122719/Problematising_diversity_in_doctoral_education_and_the_implications_for_policy_and_practice?auto=download (Accessed: 30 August 2019).

Papageorgiou, E. 2019. Lecture attendance versus academic performance and prior knowledge of accounting students: an exploratory at a South African university. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a67aa1ae (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

Penprase, B.E. 2018. The fourth industrial revolution and higher education in Gleason, N.W. (Ed.) Higher education in the era of fourth industrial revolution. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/325899393_The_Fourth_Industrial_Revolution_and_Higher_Education (Downloaded: 30 August 2019).

Petrus, T. 2019. Education versus indoctrination: contextualising the crisis in higher education in South Africa. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-18b069c5de (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Pillay, V. 2019. Displaced margins and misplace equity: challenges for South African higher education. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2692/2079 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Postma, L. 2019. Analysing a discussion on an online university forum: a communicative forum to discursive democracy. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://www.journals.ac.za/index.php/sajhe/article/view/2852/2080 (Accessed: 9 July 2019).

Ravhuhali, F., MacDonald, Z., Mashau, T.S. & Lavhelani, P.N. & Mutshaeni, H.N. 2019. Being first year B.Ed. foundation phase student teachers at a university: wrestling apprehension in and through a chosen career. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-18b06d12c4 (Accessed: 14 November 2019).

Roch, J. 2016. The flipped classroom: a viable path to a more differentiated learning process and more autonomous learning in Luxembourgish classrooms? Available at: https://portal.education.lu/inno/PROJETS/Projets-D%C3%A9tail/ArtMID/3328/ArticleID/560767/The-Flipped-Classroom-A-viable-path-to-a-more-differentiated-learning-process-and-more-autonomous-learning-in-Luxemburgish-classrooms (Accessed: 30 August 2019).

Tankou epse Nukunah, C.N., Bezuidenhout, A. & Furtak, A. 2019. The contribution of a private higher education institution to the South African higher education landscape. South African Journal of Higher Education. Available at: https://journals.co.za/content/journal/10520/EJC-15a67e022b (Accessed: 15 November 2019).

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